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Lesson 03

Longer words with 5+ letters

LEARNING WITH PHONICS - LESSON 3 VIDEO

MONA'S QUICK GUIDE

Longer words with 5+ letters

Single letters work the same in 3- and 4-letter words and the same applies to longer words of any length Many longer words have 2 or more syllables. They can be decoded or spelt syllable by syllable and pupils do not then think long words are hard. 

Try a spoken word-break:
crust
    c..rust
        cr..ust 
            cru..st
                crus..t
                    CRUST ! 

Try reading/spelling by syllables: hospitality    splendid    caravan    difficulty    sentimental    comparison (The 2nd o is more like u, a schwa, but when the pupil says the long word, recognises it, he usually repeats it tweaking the ..on at the end to normal pronunciation.) 

You can now introduce the long vowels from single letters or delay this until Lesson 7 (magic e). 

Vowels can say their name – “long vowels”. First pupils practise the short sound in cat. But think of “bacon”. You can play Bingo with the words: 
  • a  : bacon   pastry   Adrian   framing
  • e  : she   equal   demon   he
  • i   : dial   pilot   I   Simon
  • o  : Ohio   crocus   Velcro   Tesco
  • u  : union   unit   usual   mutual

For new words, try the short vowel sound first, and if that does not give you a word, try the long sound. Before a double consonant, the vowel is short. Otherwise there are so many exceptions that there IS no rule! 

What the pupil has learned so far will unlock many hundreds of words, which do not have to be learned as sight words. For a bedtime story, you can now let the learner read the words he can decode, controlled shared reading. Walking in town he can read street signs: STOP, GO, Tesco, Morrison’s, Asda etc. 

"To" and "the" do not sound out properly, these are my only two “sight words”.

Another rule to learn at this stage is: e at the end of English words is always silent.

These three levels form a sound foundation for learning the following stage, where two or more letters have to be noticed, written, together, to produce one sound. 

Play the games:
  • Bingo
  • Pairs
  • S/ladders
Guide Contributed by Mona McNee - 2010


ADDITIONAL NOTES

  • The "schwa" sound was briefly mentioned in the additional notes for Lesson 2. The BBC have a very good learning video here that explores the "schwa" sound.
  • "A vowel can say its name" was a refinement of Mona's phonics programme that was introduced sometime after the video tutorials were made.


GAMES AND WORKSHEETS

Links will take you to a quickview page in Google Docs where you may download the PDF for local printing by clicking File then Download original. This guide contains download and print tips.

Words of any length