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Lesson 09

i y ai ay oi oy

LEARNING WITH PHONICS - LESSON 9 VIDEO

MONA'S QUICK GUIDE

i y  ai  ay  oi  oy

You can now present the rule: "English words do not end in q u v j or i." This is a very useful rule for adults, but can be postponed to a later age, for infants. Some familiar words of foreign origin do not follow this rule:
  • Iraq is foreign
  • ski is Norwegian
  • Khaki is Persian
  • spaghetti is Italian
  • macaroni is Italian
  • menu is French 
  • taxi is Half of taxicab – we use the first part and the Americans use “cab”
I and You are exceptions. 

Y can be a consonant or a vowel. The consonant is at the beginning of a syllable and is not that common: yes    yesterday    yawn    yield    yo-yo    yacht    beyond. 

The long and short vowel y is very common indeed. Some short sound examples are: funny    myth    mystery    happily (There are scores of adverbs ending in ly.)

For long sounds try: my    sky    reply    dynamo    python    defy    magnify    multiply. 

If a word ending in y is lengthened, “Change the y to I and add.” For example: Cry/cries    reply/replied    hurry/hurried    happy/happiness. 

But “replying” – we do not have two i’s together. 

This works the same, whether the y is long or short, noun, adjective, verb or adverb. The LETTERS keep to a pattern, a logic, a system. 

i/y after a-e-(i)-o-u : pay    paid    they    their    (i)    boy    boil    Guy    guide. 

There is only one example of ey and one of uy, but they do exist! ai/ay and oi/oy are very common indeed. 
Look at: pay,  paid, then say said. The spelling is regular – it is the pronunciation that is irregular!

ADDITIONAL NOTES



GAMES AND WORKSHEETS

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Long and short y

ai


ay


oi oy